秒速赛车怎么老是输

2014年10月9日

日本人学习汉语常见问题浅析

1.发音差距较大。由于汉语语音和日语语音在类型、送气不送气音、音调等很多方面存在较大的差异,这使得日本人在学习汉语时发音上很难到位。例如,汉语的21个声母中有六对声母有不送气与送气的区别,它们分别是b与p,d与t,g与k,j与q,zh与ch,z与c。对于这六对声母,日本留学生在学习过程中往往容易出现问题,它们也是日本人学习汉语的一道难关。汉语中的送气与不送气音有区别意义的作用,如“饱(bǎo)”和“跑(pǎo)”,前者声母不送气,后者送气。日语中某些音虽然也有送气与不送气两种读法,但是不起区别意义的作用。由于受母语的影响,很多日本学生在发送气与不送气音时,很难正确地发音,以至于说出来的话有时会产生歧义,或者对由于无法正确区分发音而对他人的话产生错误理解,如将“肚子饱了”听成“兔子跑了”。

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